The Two Basic Principles of Learning

varron104 By varron104, 17th May 2011 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Family>Education

The differential reinforcement is done by means of giving more emphasis to something rather than the other, or by giving reinforcement to something than the other thing. With this, the one that was given more emphasis is most likely to be learned rather than the other similar thing.

The Two Basic Principles of Learning

Learning can be defined as acquiring new as well as modified existing behaviors, skills, preference, values or knowledge. It involves synthesizing information of different types. This ability is naturally possessed by humans and animals in different levels.

There are aspects that are being considered in all kinds of learning. These are the learning’s basic principles namely; the generalization and the discrimination.

The generalization occurs when a particular individual respond to something that is similar to the one on which he/she had learned. The discrimination occurs when a particular individual is able to distinguish something among the other.

When it comes to stimuli and response, generalization follows the rules that the more dissimilar the new stimuli are to the original one, the less likely the response is to occur and the weaker it will be if it does occur.

Generalization is a natural tendency in learning and does not have to be taught to anyone. Humans naturally if not discriminate will generalize certain learning and ideas. When somebody at one time was bitten by a dog, he/she might generalize that all the dogs as well as similar animals are violent and eventually developed a fear on them.

It was being considered that in the generalization, other people’s characteristics or character is important. An example for this is like forming a generalization by the comfort and love given by someone’s parent. He or she might feel this comfort and love to the people who have similar traits and characteristics of his or her parents.

Discrimination is another basic principle of learning. Naturally, humans as well as other animals learn in the way of discrimination. An example for this is the capacity to distinguish something among the other things such as the natural ability of the baby to distinguish between other people and his or her own mother.

There are two ways in which discrimination are learned namely; by differential reinforcement and by continued experience with the reinforced stimulus.

The differential reinforcement is done by means of giving more emphasis to something rather than the other, or by giving reinforcement to something than the other thing. With this, the one that was given more emphasis is most likely to be learned rather than the other similar thing.

Continued experience with the reinforced stimulus is done by making the individual experienced something continuously for many times, till he or she learns to discriminate this thing from similar thing.

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