Skewed population of India- good and bad news

Mahesh Golani By Mahesh Golani, 17th May 2011 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Family>Community

India adds the population of Australia to its kitty every year. and that is not all

Ratio between boys and girls skewed in India

India’s population is second only in the world. China leads but not for long. Very soon by 2014 India will cross China population and become the most populous country in the world. When India attained independence from British rule in the year 1947( after being enslaved for over 200 years) the country’s population at that time stood at 350 million. Today the population stands at an astronomical figure of 1.25 billion almost four times of that as much. The population of India increases by 1.78 per cent which translates into more than 18 million people. The continent of Australia has a population of less than 18 million. That means India adds a country like Australia every year. Now 18 million people every year have to be fed, housed and educated. This clearly looks unsustainable as all the young people of India migrate to the cities, since the countryside cannot support with the kind of infrastructure available now. This can be a major problem.
Here is another paradox. The census findings of 2011 by the Government of India found that the percentage of literate Indians has risen from 65 per cent in 2001 to 75 per cent currently. It is more encouraging to learn that female literacy has risen much more than the males. Nontheless, the gender literacy chink – a straight 17 per cent- is wide enough, a sad reflection of India’s persistent social bias against the girl child.
Although commendation is being claimed for for the rise in literacy to 75 per cent, it means that 320 million Indians- a number greater than the population of the United States – still cannot read or write. A reprehensible situation. By far, the largest number of illiterates in the world.
Curiously, knowledgeable commentator Nandan Nilekani, co-founder of Infosys Technologies refers to Indian’s huge population as a “demographic dividend”. In his book “Imagining India” Nilekani writes that the country’s ballooning population is an encouraging, rather than discouraging development because it has enlarged the work force. Much as I respect the man but sadly, I think he is mistaken. Those whose numbers are increasing are not, by and large, literate Indians but the less educated. Nilekani’s demographic dividend thesis could have been justifiable. And may have proved riht – if literacy level had been higher.tin the future. And methinks that as conditions stand, India’s growing population is not a benefit but a burden.
What worries me is the Ratio between boys and girls, which was bad enough a decade ago is getting worse. It was 927 girls to 1000 boys in 2001 which has dropped to 914 girls to 1000 boys in 2011. In most of the western countries the reverse is the case. What does that show? Simply that female infanticide is rampant in the 21st century India. In the earlier times a few staes in the north were found guilty of femal foeticide and infanticide. Now this terrible practice, nothing less than cold blooded murder has spread to almost all the States.
The son preference syndrome exists very strongly in India and other Asian countries. Why do countries like India have this gender discrimination? The reasons according to me for this rampant and persistent prejudice against women are economic and cultural. Feather-brained traditions, like a son being needed to light his funeral pyre, and dirty dowry paid for daughter’s marriage and property and inheritance laws are biased in favor of men. But South Korea in Asia presents an illuminating contrast. This country too had patrilineal society favouring boys until quite recently. However, with Urbanisation and modernization have brought about catalysed attitudinal changes. As a result women have become equal to men everywhere and the society gives respect to women. India needs to emulate the socio-economic development of South Korea.

Tags

Decline, Gender, Infanticide, Ratio Of Boys Vs Girls

Meet the author

author avatar Mahesh Golani
I am a good conversationalist. Travel a lot all over the country and the world. Like to share what i have gained from life. Sometimes I also love to listen and read. LOL

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Comments

author avatar Steve Kinsman
8th Jun 2011 (#)

Very interesting article about India's population problem. Thanks for the share.

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