I Want To Share Some Experiences In This Page About Urban Life

G.S.Duggal By G.S.Duggal, 20th Apr 2015 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/2534q6jb/
Posted in Wikinut>Family>Urban Living

I Want To Share Some Experiences In This Page.If You Find Any Mistake from This Article then Pls Apologize me.

Urban Life Is Very Bad Living Life.

An urban area is a location characterized by high human population density and vast human-built features in comparison to the areas surrounding it.

Living in an urban environment is long known to be a risk factor for psychiatric diseases such as major depression or schizophrenia. This is true even though infrastructure, socioeconomic conditions, nutrition and health care services are clearly better in cities than in rural areas.
here is an interesting finding against the converging evidence that adverse conditions in early life can severely impact the developing brain and increase vulnerability to mood disorders in adult life. It has been shown that adverse early-life events can alter the experience-dependent maturation of the stress systems, such as the HPA system. This again results in higher stress vulnerability later in life.
Clearly, many inhabitants of large metropolitan areas do very well both in terms of health and life quality as they benefit from better infrastructure, and a more dense system of social, health care, cultural and educational options. So this leads us to ask, what are the biological, psychological and social prerequisites for healthy urban living? Answering this and other similar questions by means of neurobiological studies on stress promoting and stress protective variables will be invaluable in helping politicians, city planners and health authorities to plan a healthy urban environment.
So many of us have left and are continuing to leave our rural environments. We seek the density of large cities for their variety of leisure activities, rich cultural life, better access to employment and anonymity; but this seems to come at a cost. We may be paying for it with our health.
By 2050, around 70% of the world’s population is projected to reside in urban areas. “Understanding how climate and climate extremes in particular are changing in the relatively small part of the global land area represent is especially important".

The most important problem in all cities has been housing the sudden and large scale influx of migrants from rural areas to urban areas especially the metropolises and state capitals. Due to lack of housing, in every city almost fifty percent population live in slums. Slums are actually illegally created colonies of housing on open spaces in the cities. The structures are temporary they are very crowded and rows of such houses are separated by very narrow lanes through which household drainage is allowed to flow. As these are illegal colonies, they do not have any civic amenities like drinking water, sewage, electricity etc. As the slums start growing a local mafia gang takes over the control of the area through muscle power and both old residents and new entrants have to keep the mafia gang happy by paying regular doles. In return the gang assures the inhabitants security.

Many slums in big cities have been there for two or three generations. Families residing there develop their own inter linkages, mutual help, service providers of all sorts, retail shops and so on. Usually when a new slum comes up, it is first outside the city at that time but very soon, as the city grows the slums become a part of the city itself. Very often real estate dealers eye such slums for clearance so that they can build luxury apartments and make huge profits both on land value and on the apartments. The slum dwellers are uprooted and resettled in the outskirts of the city far away from their place of work. In addition the slum dwellers are broken up into groups and resettled in different locations thus causing much misery as the old linkages and mutual dependence are disrupted. On the eve of elections some of the unauthorized slums are “regularized” by the party in power to garner votes of the residents. Certain civic amenities like public taps, public toilets are provided. These facilities do not make much difference to the slum dweller because after elections, the facilities are neglected by the authorities. The slums however gain permanency.

Another big problem that has arisen due to the large increase in population has been the enormous amount of solid waste generated. In a city like Bengaluru which is in india the solid waste generated daily is estimated to be around 5000 tons. The collection, transportation and disposal of this huge quantity of solid waste is posing serious problems to the municipality. Finding dumping grounds for this waste has become difficult. Dumping this sort of waste has created serious problems of pollution, ill-health and stink to inhabitants even a kilometer away. Recycling the solid waste material and converting much of it into usable products seems to be the only solution.

A new type of hazardous waste has come up in recent years, namely electronic waste. Unserviceable cell phones, their accessories, other electronic goods, are being thrown away indiscriminately. Many of them contain toxic chemicals like mercury and other heavy metals and compounds. Their disposal is going to become a very serious problem in due course.

Much research needs to be done on the disposal of various types of solid waste without causing any harm to the environment or the people. Incidentally, it has been suggested that even in the case of human excreta, it would greatly revolutionize the civic amenities provision if a method can be invented to dispose of this waste at the site where it is generated.

After housing and waste disposal, another major problem faced by people in urban areas is the lack of adequate public transport. As the cities are growing, distances to be travelled for work and other reasons are increasing. With more than half the population being poor or belonging to low income groups, public transport is a very important facility to be provided in urban areas. Unfortunately while the richer classes are buying more and more two wheeler and four wheeler automobiles, the average and below average citizen does not have access to adequate and affordable transport facility. As the number of motor vehicles increases, roads get cluttered, pollution increases and it takes longer to reach one’s destination. Pedestrians and slow moving vehicles do not get sympathetic treatment either by the authorities or the other road users. Only recently local and state governments have woken up to this problem and metro rail systems are being set up at great cost for mass rapid transportation.

very serious problem facing In The India is the acute shortage of electric power both in urban and rural areas. This can be solved only by generating much more electricity than at present. However, this solution has met with almost a wall-like obstruction. Conventional methods of generation like coal based thermal power, nuclear power and hydro electric power are being opposed by people for reasons of environmental pollution, displacement of people submergence of land and forests etc. There are some gas based power stations which are less polluting but due to lack of sufficient quantity of natural gas they are working at less than half their load capacity. Non-conventional sources of power like solar power and wind power are not that economically viable or affordable by the consumers. The power generation is also intermittent requiring large storage capacity for energy. One does not know what new problems will arise in storing energy on such large scale.

Finally a very recent problem in large cities where all sorts of people have settled down has been the security situation. Well to do citizens are being forced to organize their own security. This is the reason for the coming up of gated communities with private security arrangements. Entry to these communities is strictly controlled and monitored by the security staff. This is a sad reflection on the capacity of the authorities to provide security to their citizens.

Thus almost all major cities in India are facing serious problems of slum clearance, housing, inadequate civic amenities for a fast growing population, absence of efficient public transport system, the growing insecurity in the cities and so on. Problems will become more acute and may go beyond repair if immediate steps are not taken to solve at least some of these problems. Meanwhile the forecast is that half the country’s population will be living in urban areas in another two to three decades. This trend needs to be reversed urgently by providing urban facilities in rural areas and locating several industries and providing employment opportunities in rural areas.

I Would Like To Share Some Experiences About Indian Urban Areas.If Anyone Interested,then Pls Tell me I'll Feel Very Happy To Share Experiences With Wikinut Users.

Regards: G.S.Duggal

Tags

Urban, Urban Agriculture, Urban India, Urban Life, Urban Living

Meet the author

author avatar G.S.Duggal
Hello!!! I am G.S.Duggal.I am Living in India.I Have Done My Study at Very Highest Point.I Have Done BBA,MBA,LLB.
But I Don't Want to Do Any Type of Job.Thats Why I Have Launched a Company.

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Comments

author avatar Sivaramakrishnan A
22nd Apr 2015 (#)

India is a democratic country where freedom often means anarchy - anything goes! In developed countries rule of law is enforced, but in India some feel and act as if they are above law and get away with it; people take it as par for the curse.

We need rule of law to make our cities habitable. Thanks for this share - siva

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