Significance and effects of Under Population and over Population

Funom Makama By Funom Makama, 8th Nov 2011 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/39ba_uq5/
Posted in Wikinut>Family>Community

Under population is a situation where the population is too small relative to the available resources. While over population refers to a situation where the population exceeds the available resources of a country. As a result of overpopulation, people will compete for the available resources and there will be a general fall in standard of living of the people. These two factors greatly influence the economy of a state of Nation.

Under Population

Under population is the type of population that is less than the available resources of a country. It then means that the size of the population is so small that when combined with the available resources of a country and given the level of existing technology, it will secure minimum returns per head. In summary, under population is a situation where the population is too small relative to the available resources. The standard of living of the area can be increased if the population is increased.

Causes
1. Abundant resources: There will be abundance of resources in areas where there are resources endowment.
2. availability of employment: Due to the small size of the population and abundance of resources, employment opportunities will readily be available.
3. Low pressure on social amenities: Owing to low population, there is also low pressure on social amenities in the area.
4. Low congestion: Also, due to low population, there will be low or no congestion in housing, traffic etc.
5. Adequate planning: Owing to low population, these areas are properly planned for decent living.
6. Low crime rate is greatly reduced.

In as much as there are advantages, there are also disadvantages to, such are: the available labor force is grossly inadequate to mange the abundant resources available in the state; low level of production as a result of low level of manpower available production is generally very low. Workers generally earn low as a result of low level of production income and this leads to low savings and investments. Low standard of living due to inadequate labor force that would have promoted output, the standard of living will eventually fall; pipe borne water electricity etc, are grossly under utilized; disincentive to the government because it does not always feel like investing in places of under-population. As a result of low level of income per capital and fewer number of people, the size of the market is usually very small due to low demand. Finally, as a result of low output of goods and services, there is always a ow level of export for these goods and services.

Over-population

Overpopulation is a situation where a country has more people than its physical and human resources can support with adequate living standards. In other words, over population refers to a situation where the population exceeds the available resources of a country. As a result of overpopulation, people will compete for the available resources and there will be a general fall in standard of living of the people. Over population can be controlled by family planning, discouragement of early marriage, increase in food supply, encouragement of monogamy, limiting the size of towns, provision of gainful employment for women, stiffening of immigration laws, sex and mass education from childhood ages of children and encouragement of emigration from thickly or densely populated areas to lowly populated areas.

Tags

Abundant Resources, Available Resources, Family Planning, Human Resources, Low Population, Sex Education

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author avatar Funom Makama
A medical Practitioner and a passionate writer. A proud published Author of 2 books, more than 2,000 articles online and 100 Poems!
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Comments

author avatar Mark Gordon Brown
9th Nov 2011 (#)

Most people are more concerned about world overpopulation now since we are over 7 billion and are destroying our planet and rainforest at an alarming rate.

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author avatar Funom Makama
9th Nov 2011 (#)

Then they do not have the adequate orientation. Instead of over-populating or finding means to reduce our population we can maintain it with incentives countries like china are adopting, in terms of birth rate and increase in economical stability of a nation for the already established population to live comfortably.

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author avatar pretty_writer
10th Nov 2011 (#)

Yeah, the world is getting over-populated. What do you suggest?

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author avatar Funom Makama
10th Nov 2011 (#)

I suggest good and adequate programs from the verious individual nations to aid the control. Unfortunately, not all governments care.

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author avatar Funom Makama
10th Nov 2011 (#)

I suggest good and adequate programs from the verious individual nations to aid the control. Unfortunately, not all governments care.

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author avatar Funom Makama
10th Nov 2011 (#)

I suggest good and adequate programs from the verious individual nations to aid the control. Unfortunately, not all governments care.

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author avatar Ivyevelyn, R.S.A.
12th Nov 2011 (#)

War is one way of reducing the population and some predict that World War III will destroy mankind, but only if it is God's will.

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author avatar Funom Makama
12th Nov 2011 (#)

I do not think it is ever God's will for War. And nothing can erase Man Kind just like that. Even the HIV/AIDS situation has some genetic resistance in some particular caucausian and Asian races. And as for World War III? I hope it never happens. Not even in the 10th generation after me. Thanks for your comments IVY

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author avatar Ivyevelyn, R.S.A.
12th Nov 2011 (#)

No, you are right. It would not be God's will for there to be war, but the human race is capable of destroying its habitat.

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author avatar Funom Makama
12th Nov 2011 (#)

actually thats true. So help us God

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author avatar ProfBob
18th Nov 2011 (#)

The population is already out of hand. I just saw the Australian parents of the seven billionth child on television. They were ecstatic. Australians seem to want more people to populate their land. What they don't seem to realize is that every child leaves a carbon footprint.
Freshwater is getting more scarce. Arable land, 10 to 20% of the planet's land mass, is disappearing through erosion at the rate of tens of thousands of square miles per year. According to research at Oregon State University, the average American mother leaves a carbon footprint of 450 years per child. This is a disaster for climate change.
Organizations and individuals have been warning us about the dangers of overpopulation. A little over a year ago ScienceDaily noted that it was the major world problem-- with climate change second. It is certainly recommended that people familiarize themselves with all of the problems of overpopulation. The free websites at overpopulation.org, which keeps us current on news of the problem, and the free e-book series "And Gulliver Returns" --In Search of Utopia-- (http://andgulliverreturns.info) that not only goes into the details of the problem but also explains the ethical and psychological barriers to changing people's behavior, are must reads.
Naturally business interests want more customers, political interests want more workers to support the welfare systems and more warriors to protect their ways of life, and religions need more souls to save. It is sad that we can't see the cliff as we follow our lemming-like brothers into oblivion.

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author avatar Funom Makama
2nd Mar 2012 (#)

wow!~~~ Well said prof

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author avatar Barine Nakwaasah
2nd Mar 2012 (#)

Nice work and a great comment from the prof.

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author avatar Funom Makama
3rd Mar 2012 (#)

thanks and welcome to wikinut

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author avatar Md Rezaul Karim
18th Mar 2012 (#)

Good share, If population could be distributed optimally around the countries in the globe, the total scenario could be different. There could be no war, no military budgets, as equitable distribution of wealth were there.

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author avatar Namushi charles Mundia
17th Jul 2013 (#)

Overpopulation or Underpopulation is not the problem here. The problem of humanity is resource utilization, if man was able to use resources sustainably, there would be no such complaints regarding how many people are in the World. if anything the world has more space for people to live in. 'let us use resources sustainably'

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author avatar Isma‘il Adam
21st Sep 2013 (#)

Over population is not a problem will not be a problem amidst technological improve,possibility of emigration to places of low population density, presence natural population checkers like earthquake,flood,fermine and so on

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author avatar Isma‘il Adam
21st Sep 2013 (#)

Over population is not a problem will not be a problem amidst technological improvement that can take care of the means of subsistence , possibility of emigration to places of low population density, presence natural population checkers like earthquake,flood,fermine and so on

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author avatar Ibifuro Hanmyo George
4th Jun 2014 (#)

Thumbs up Wikinut,I have finally seen what I've been looking for.

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author avatar NASSOR ALI
16th Nov 2014 (#)

it batter for us to be in underpopulation because in this population we can solve our problem easy than over population. because in underpopulation just it need proper planning for extraction of natural resources.

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