K-12 Basic Education Curriculum of the Philippines
The implementation of the K-12 Curriculum is one of the most recent developments in the Philippine Education System. It was first realized in 2012 in all schools both public and private.
The K-12 Curriculum of Philippine Education
K-12 simply means education from Kindergarten up to 12 years of basic education. Basic education covers Kindergarten, Elementary and High School.
Therefore, complete Philippine basic education is summarized this way:
1. Kindergarten Level
2. Elementary - 6 years
3. Junior High School - 4 years
4. Senior High School - 2 years
In school year 2012-2013, Kindergarten officially became one of the requirements for a pupil's entry to Grade-One where the Mother Tongue also began to be taught as one of the official subjects in the level. The teaching of Mother Tongue in this curriculum is required from Grades One-Three. In the High School level, The previously called First Year High School has become Grade-Seven. Finally, the High School level is added two years called Senior High School (one of the most debated issues of this curriculum).
There were several changes that were introduced. One of the highlights was on the Grading System. The Numerical way of writing the pupil's and student's grades were changed to Descriptive.
The Level of Proficiency at which the student is performing shall be based on a numerical value which is arrived at after summing up the results of the student’s performance on the various levels of assessment. The numerical values are as follows:
Level of Proficiency with Equivalent Numerical Value
Beginning (B) -74% and below
Developing (D) - 75 – 79%
Approaching Proficiency (AP) - 80 – 84%
Proficient (P) - 85 – 89%
Advanced (A) - 90% and above
What appears in the student's report card will be the Descriptive Grade and not the Numerical Grade.
Even before the actual implementation of this new system of the Philippine education, various seminars and trainings have been given to education heads, school managers and most of all, to the teachers who are the frontliners in the educative process. Some of the topics highlighted in the the seminars and trainings include The New Grading System, Using the Learning Packages and Teacher's Guide, Competencies and Objectives, Learning and Teaching Strategies, The Log Planning, and the like.
There were flaws discovered along the way most especially by the teachers during the actual teaching-learning process. Yes - this endeavor is yet in its infancy. Nevertheless, due to proper orientation and promotion on the goals and visions of this new education system by the Philippine Department of Education headed by President Noynoy Aquino himself and Education Secretary Armin Luistro, majority if not all of the Filipinos begin to embrace this new hope for Global Competence!