Guru Nanak and his Famous Miracle at Mecca
Guru Nanak is supposed to have visited Mecca. There is little doubt that he visited Mecca, but there is also a miracle attributed to him there. This is mentioned in the " Janam Sakhis", his life story.
The travels of Guru Nanak to Mecca
Guru Nanak was a spiritual leader who founded the Sikh religion. He was born in 1469 an dlived through the age of the Moghul conquest of India. He also reportedly met Babar, who sought his blessings. The Guru was a modern thinker and he did not believe in the theories of both Islam and Hinduism. He advocated a middle path and a new philosophy that was based on reason and sense and not on blind beliefs. In all his writings Guru Nanak advocated the path of truth.
Nanak travelled the length and breadth of India. In fact it is almost certain that he undertook 4 major travels or voyages. he was accompanied by his disciple, Mardana( A Muslim Rabab player and singer). Guru Nanak traveled to the East ( Assam) then known as Kamrup. He also traveled to Tibet and Southern India reaching Rameshwaram, where a Gurudwara exists, commemorating his visit. Most of his travels are documented to an extant, but obviously with the passage of time some of his visits have taken on a colorful hue, that may not be one hundred percent factual. There are many miracles attributed to him, but not all of them can be verified. His most famous and last travel was to Mecca, the heart of Saudi Arabia.
The iconoclast nature of Islam and the authorities in Mecca do not permit any research to be carried out regarding the visit of Nanak to Mecca, hence we have only the written records and tales to rely on whether Nanak did visit Mecca.
But historians do believe that he visited Mecca. He is reported to have travelled to Mecca by the sea route. A lot many people ask as to how could Nanak could visit Mecca as he was a non-Moslem. But the fact is that many people who were non-Moslems did visit Mecca. In addition Nanak travelled in the garb of a Fakir with his companion Mardana and there is every chance, that the Moslems took him to be one of them and did not bother.
There is a miracle attributed to Nanak while he was at Mecca. It appears that he went to sleep with his feet pointing towards the Kaaba. This angered a priest who awoke Nanak and asked him to turn his feet away. Nanak replied that as he was tired, he would be grateful in case the priest helped him, by turning his feet away to another direction. The priest lifted up Nanak's feet and turned them around. But lo and behold the kaaba also turned in the direction of Nanaks feet. This impressed the priest who realized the greatness of Nanak.
There is no historical evidence to substantiate this miracle. But perhaps the miracle does have a lesson as Nanak just wanted to point out that God is everywhere and not just at the Kaaba. Nanak after this visit to Mecca travelled to Baghdad and Turkey. There is evidence available at Istanbul in the shape of a pilar about 6' wide and 15' tall. The script on it for long remained a mystery but now it has been deciphered. The writings on the tablet state that an Eastern saint named Nanak visited Istanbul. Thus in case Nanak could visit Istanbul, he must have very well gone to Mecca.
Nanak by traveled by land from mecca across the desert to Baghdad, where a Gurudwara exists( now it is in damaged condition after years of fighting and terror activities). From there he must have traveled to Istanbul.
Guru Nanak was a wondrous saint who propounded a new philosophy. He is the founder of Sikhism and has a niche for himself in the history of religious thought.